The 13 Colonies in Order of Establishment
For more facts and information refer to the article on Colonies to States for details of
13 Colonies Map - The New England, Middle & Southern Colonies
The 13 Colonies map shows the location of each of the original 13 colonies and color coded to indicate which of the original 13 colonies were classified as the New England colonies, the Middle colonies, and the Southern colonies. Each of the 13 Colonies had specific economic, social, and political developments that were unique to their regions and locations in Colonial America - see Colonial Times .
The New England Colonies list consisted of four of the original 13 Colonies:
- New Hampshire
- Massachusetts Bay Colony
- Rhode Island
The Middle Colonies list also consisted of four of the original 13 Colonies:
- New York
- New Jersey
The Southern Colonies list consisted of five of the original 13 Colonies:
- North Carolina
- South Carolina
The 13 Colonies Chart
The 13 Colonies chart shows the New England, Middle and Southern Colonies:
13 Colonies Chart
|New England Colonies||Middle Colonies||Southern Colonies|
|Massachusetts||New Jersey||North Carolina|
|New Hampshire||New York||South Carolina|
13 Colonies Chart
The Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor
The New England Colonies
The 13 Colonies - Facts and Information about the New England Colonies
Information and facts about the 13 colonies. The New England Colonies are also referred to as the North Colonies - Facts about the New England Colonies of Colonial America:
- Fact 1 - Geography: The geography of New England consisted of mountains thick with trees, rivers and poor rocky soil that was difficult to farm and unsuitable for agriculture
- Fact 2 - Natural Resources: Fish, whales, forests. Imported agricultural products from other colonies
- Fact 3 - Religion: Puritans - No religious freedom. refer to Religion in the Colonies
- Fact 4 - Climate: Coldest of the three regions, leading to difficult winters but less disease
The Middle Colonies
The 13 Colonies - Facts and Information about the Middle Colonies
The four Middle Colonies of Colonial America consisted of a mix of both northern and southern features and its early settlement was dominated by non-English Europeans, mostly Dutch and German, the English colonists were in the minority. Information and facts about the 13 colonies - Facts about the Middle Colonies of Colonial America:
- Fact 1 - The geography and climate of the Middle Colonies was a mix of the New England and Southern features
- Fact 2 - Natural Resources: Good farmland, timber, furs and coal. Iron ore was a particularly important natural resource
- Fact 3 - Religion: Not dominated by a specific religion which gave way to religious freedom for Quakers, Catholics, Lutherans, Jews and others
The Southern Colonies
The 13 Colonies - Facts and Information about the Southern Colonies
Information and facts about the 13 colonies - Facts about the Southern Colonies of Colonial America:
- Fact 1 - Geography: The geography of the Southern Colonies was hilly coastal plains with plenty of forests
- Fact 2 - Natural Resources: The Southern colonies concentrated on developing plantations that eventually grew cotton, tobacco, rice, sugar cane and indigo (a purple dye)
- Fact 3 - Religion: Not dominated by a specific religion which gave way to religious freedom for Baptists, Anglicans and others
- Fact 4 - Climate: Warmest of the three regions, winters not difficult to survive, warmer climate gave rise to the spread of disease
- Fact 5 - Trade and Industry was dominated by the Slave Plantations
The 13 Colonies - The Original Names of the New England Colonies
The four New England Colonies of Colonial America included colonies of New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Rhode Island and Connecticut. The original names of the New England Colonies were the Province of New Hampshire, later New Hampshire, the Province of Massachusetts Bay, later Massachusetts and Maine, the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, later Rhode Island and the Connecticut Colony, later Connecticut.
The Names of the Original 13 Colonies - The Middle Colonies
The four Middle Colonies of Colonial America composed of Pennsylvania, Delaware, New York, and New Jersey. The original names of the Middle Colonies were the Province of New York, later New York and Vermont, the Province of New Jersey, later New Jersey, the Province of Pennsylvania, later Pennsylvania and the Delaware Colony (before 1776, the Lower Counties on Delaware), later Delaware.
The Names of the Original 13 Colonies - The Southern Colonies
The five Southern Colonies of Colonial America composed of Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. The original names of the Southern Colonies were the Province of Maryland (later Maryland), the Colony and Dominion of Virginia, (later Virginia, Kentucky and West Virginia), the Province of North Carolina, (later North Carolina and Tennessee), the Province of South Carolina, (later South Carolina) and the Province of Georgia, (later Georgia). The Dominion of Virginia and the Province of Maryland comprised the Chesapeake Colonies.
- Interesting Facts and information via the 13 Colonies
- 13 Colonies history timeline
- Fast Facts and info with the 13 Colonies timeline
- The 13 Colonies is great history timeline resource for kids
- Social Studies Homework help for kids on 13 Colonies
Pictures and Videos of the 13 Colonies
The 13 Colonies were classified in three separate regions consisting of the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies and the Southern Colonies. Virginia, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts Bay Colony (which included Maine), New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Delaware, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island.. We hope that this article on the 13 Colonies will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the colonists. A great educational resource for kids on the subject of the 13 Colonies. For facts, laws and statistics about emigration today, and in the past, please visit www.emmigration.info.
Whether completing a unit on European colonization of North America or in beginning a course in American history, teachers often need to cover the founding of each of the original thirteen English colonies. While the story of each colony is unique, there are also many important common themes which emerge from this study. When I taught American history, I found the task of providing an introduction to the history of these English colonies in an efficient manner to be a daunting undertaking. My solution was to condense three days of lecture into 40 minutes of podcasts. What had previously taken a significant investment of classroom time could now be completed faster with time remaining for more extension activities!
Step One: Thirteen Colonies Podcasts – have the students watch each of the Thirteen Colonies Podcasts.
- New England Colonies – this podcast focused on the history of Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire.
- Middle Colonies – this podcast described the history New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware.
- Southern Colonies – this podcast explained the history of Virginia, Maryland, North & South Carolina, and Georgia.
Step Two: Extension Activity – have students complete an activity that will ask them to either build on the information they have learned or else prompt them to seek deeper knowledge about a particular topic. For example:
- Students could create an advertisement for a particular colony which would attempt to entice more colonists to make the journey to the New World. They would need to incorporate knowledge about colonies in general as well as details about specific colonies.
- Students could create a diary written from the perspective of a colonist living in one of the colonies. Again, students would be asked in incorporate facts and details in order to make their diary realistic.