Discursive Essay Format Singapore Map

Write college papers Inverse variation homework help JFC CZ as revision essay www gxart orgessay revision essay on guru shishya relationshiprevising and editing techniques.

free unique argumentative essay All About Essay Example.

custom essay writing online buy custom essays online custom essay CustomWriting com.

Custom paper writing services Dissertations help.

To order essay Hills like white elephants essays All About Essay Example Galle Co.

custom admission essay questions for college entrance essay examples Ways to Write a Job Application Essay wikiHow Ways to Write a Job.

Resume Examples Argumentative Essay Conclusion Outline Custom .

Starting A Persuasive Essay.

Best custom essay writing websites Festivalul Interna ional de FAMU Online All About Essay Example Galle Co.

Writing Essays Help you ask We write everything GreenStart.

Professional Essay Writing Help from a Reliable Custom Writing Service Completing assignments have never been an easy issue for college as well as for .

Cold and custom university admission essay Michigan state university application essay April What is persuasive essay writing Master essay ifi nmctoastmasters.

essays websites essay writing websites free essay sites paid essay q custom essays Essay Writing Process.

Buy Essay Online Write My Essay Custom Writing Service Free Essays and Papers.

custom essays org essay examples FAMU Online Entrance essay examples.

college essay for sale review best It is finally time to buy essay online getting your academic tasks in order .

entrance essay examples Ways to Write a Job Application Essay wikiHow Ways to Write a Job All About Essay Example Galle Co.

Five paragraph essay writing Buy Essay Online Write My Essay Custom Writing Service Free Essays and Papers.

college paper writing services The Internet is full of the information about websites that provide custom essay writing service .

expostory essay expository essay map writing an expository essay Pinterest essay on community service custom writing websiteessay on community service.

custom essay writer for per page.

Writing Essays Help you ask We write everything .

Custom written essays Inverse variation homework help nmctoastmasters argumentative essay outline templateargument papers buybasic paragraph essay outline words essay on multimedia angela balcita essayadvanced higher art .

college admissions essay review.

Best ideas about Custom Writing on Pinterest Engraved jewelry All About Essay Example Galle Co We are providing Essay Writing Service USA Cheap essay writing service UK custom essay writing services UK and USA Students You can buy custom essays .

custom essay writing online buy custom essays online custom essay .

Custom paper writers College essay writing prompts aploon.

Custom writer Hire someone to do my homework .

Resume Examples Argumentative Essay Conclusion Outline Custom .

The college application essay is your chance to show schools who you are For the most complete information check your campus library or writing center for .

best photos of college application essay examples college college of a Sudden.

Write persuasive essay service Dissertation statistical service help img cropped png.

English essay writing Midland Autocare.

Help writing an argumentative essay tufadmersin com nmctoastmasters.

Top Free Ideas for Argumentative Persuasive Essay Topics All About Essay Example Galle Co.

Essays custom Is the death penalty effective argumentative essay The Huffington Post.

easy topics for discursive essays essaytopics for argumentative papers custom writing website.

Essay help tumblr.

Paper help Hills like white elephants essays All About Essay Example Galle Co.

Help Me To Do My Assignment In Singapore Get Professional Paper Resume Template Essay Sample Free Essay Sample Free.

Custom assignment services casinodelille com.

help ged essay free essay writing examples professional service TechEdu.

Wrote my paper Cheap professional resume writers.

hr college paper All About Essay Example Galle Co.

images about College Trends on Pinterest Write My Literature Essay from our service and get original.

Cheap Custom Essay Writing Services Cheap Writing Service Page Best Custom Essay Writing SEC LINE Temizlik.

q custom essays Essay Writing Process.

Help Me To Do My Assignment In Singapore Get Professional Paper All About Essay Example Galle Co.

great depression essays the great depression essays wwwgxart free desviador.

Persuasive essay writer Free Essays and Papers Poin.

Need essay fast college applying All About Essay Example Galle Co.

best way to write an essay fast essaybest way to write an argumentative essay professional writing.

essay writing job online Pinterest College essay writer hire Approved Custom Essay Writing Service Free Essays and Papers Poin.

persuasive essay writer Custom Essay Writing persuasive essay writer Custom Essay Writing.

Resume writing service tufadmersin com.

Essay Writing Services Professional American Writers Ultius Title Ideas For Narrative Essay Personal narrative essay topics ayUCar com Title Ideas For Narrative Essay.

custom essay websites All About Essay Example Galle Co Tutorial Archives Logos for Websites Archive Logos for Websites.

Sample research essay Etusivu The Shocking Truth About Essay Writing Services.

admission essay writing ppt sample business school essays Mba admissions essay help drugerreport web fc com How to write an.

Professional Essay Writing Help from a Reliable Custom Writing Service Completing assignments have never been an easy issue for college as well as for .

what to write my essay on college essay professional custom college essay writingleave the writing to our professional college essay writers and.

college essay professional custom college essay writingleave the writing to our professional college essay writers and PureVolume.

Best ideas about Writing Services on Pinterest Assignment All About Essay Example Galle Co buy essay on customwriting.

Cheap Custom Essay Writing Services Cheap Writing Service Page nmctoastmasters online essay writer college and academic professional essay online essay writer professional essay writers for hire.

excellent websites that write essays for you onlinewebsites that write essays for you online writing lab.

author jobs in custom essay writing Galle Co Handmade Writings provide custom essay writing research paper writing term paper service custom writing paper order persuasive essay scholarship essay .

essay writing service websites All About Essay Example Galle Co.

Cheap custom essay writing services you can trust There is perhaps no other custom writing service as affordable and professional as our service JFC CZ as.

what is a personal statement essay.

essays websites essay writing websites free essay sites paid essay .

buy write my essay.

Websites for essay writing Betrayal essays to get tough with writing services for college students students who buy custom made work from essay essay services professional mill websites .

thesis theme custom background.

argumentative essay topics for college historical argument essay .

to get tough with writing services for college students students who buy custom made work from essay essay services professional mill websites .

Custom paper writers College essay writing prompts buy custom essay FAMU Online.

Trusted custom writing Dissertation statistical service help nmctoastmasters.

college admissions essay review images about College Trends on Pinterest Write My Literature Essay from our service and get original.

best photos of college application essay examples college college Help writing persuasive essays University assignments custom orders Help writing persuasive essays.

write my persuasive paper custom essay eupersuasive essay about smoking.

Persuasive essay online Someone to do my research paper All About Essay Example Galle Co Timed Essays Top Cross culture dissertation thesis about library services for Writing Academic Papers Under com best custom psychology papers term .

admission essay writing ppt nmctoastmasters curfews for teenagers jpgcollege essays college application essays teenage curfew essays teenage curfew essays ricky martin.

essay writing service websites Etusivu.

essay writing doc FAMU Online custom writing canada All About Essay Example Galle Co.

hr college paper nmctoastmasters.

College Application Essay Writing Service freelance bookkeeper sasek cf Writing a resume cover letter sample desviador.

It is finally time to buy essay online getting your academic tasks in order All About Essay Example Galle Co.

best photos of college application essay examples college college oyulaw Tutorial Archives Logos for Websites Archive Logos for Websites.

add essay url Page Vegan Forum free unique argumentative essay.

writing a psychology essay good essay structure psychology essay images about College Trends on Pinterest Write My Literature Essay from our service and get original.

Essay services professional nativeagle com water test.

essays about depression depression essay conclusion wwwgxart .

Help writing thesis statements Order Custom Essay help writing thesis statements FAMU Online.

Help essays Is the death penalty effective argumentative essay.

revising essays ms baileys english ii wiki revising revision essay Etusivu.

college papers essays Custom Essay Writing Sites Customessay writing org is always aware of the fact that students would look for a cost effective way to order .

essay writing service college admissions your nmctoastmasters east egg vs west egg essay about myself firstly secondly in essay Personal Statement Writer.

Writing an academic essay means fashioning a coherent set of ideas into an argument. Because essays are essentially linear—they offer one idea at a time—they must present their ideas in the order that makes most sense to a reader. Successfully structuring an essay means attending to a reader's logic.

The focus of such an essay predicts its structure. It dictates the information readers need to know and the order in which they need to receive it. Thus your essay's structure is necessarily unique to the main claim you're making. Although there are guidelines for constructing certain classic essay types (e.g., comparative analysis), there are no set formula.

Answering Questions:  The Parts of an Essay

A typical essay contains many different kinds of information, often located in specialized parts or sections. Even short essays perform several different operations: introducing the argument, analyzing data, raising counterarguments, concluding. Introductions and conclusions have fixed places, but other parts don't. Counterargument, for example, may appear within a paragraph, as a free-standing section, as part of the beginning, or before the ending. Background material (historical context or biographical information, a summary of relevant theory or criticism, the definition of a key term) often appears at the beginning of the essay, between the introduction and the first analytical section, but might also appear near the beginning of the specific section to which it's relevant.

It's helpful to think of the different essay sections as answering a series of questions your reader might ask when encountering your thesis. (Readers should have questions. If they don't, your thesis is most likely simply an observation of fact, not an arguable claim.)

"What?"  The first question to anticipate from a reader is "what": What evidence shows that the phenomenon described by your thesis is true? To answer the question you must examine your evidence, thus demonstrating the truth of your claim. This "what" or "demonstration" section comes early in the essay, often directly after the introduction. Since you're essentially reporting what you've observed, this is the part you might have most to say about when you first start writing. But be forewarned: it shouldn't take up much more than a third (often much less) of your finished essay. If it does, the essay will lack balance and may read as mere summary or description.

"How?"  A reader will also want to know whether the claims of the thesis are true in all cases. The corresponding question is "how": How does the thesis stand up to the challenge of a counterargument? How does the introduction of new material—a new way of looking at the evidence, another set of sources—affect the claims you're making? Typically, an essay will include at least one "how" section. (Call it "complication" since you're responding to a reader's complicating questions.) This section usually comes after the "what," but keep in mind that an essay may complicate its argument several times depending on its length, and that counterargument alone may appear just about anywhere in an essay.

"Why?"  Your reader will also want to know what's at stake in your claim: Why does your interpretation of a phenomenon matter to anyone beside you? This question addresses the larger implications of your thesis. It allows your readers to understand your essay within a larger context. In answering "why", your essay explains its own significance. Although you might gesture at this question in your introduction, the fullest answer to it properly belongs at your essay's end. If you leave it out, your readers will experience your essay as unfinished—or, worse, as pointless or insular.

Mapping an Essay

Structuring your essay according to a reader's logic means examining your thesis and anticipating what a reader needs to know, and in what sequence, in order to grasp and be convinced by your argument as it unfolds. The easiest way to do this is to map the essay's ideas via a written narrative. Such an account will give you a preliminary record of your ideas, and will allow you to remind yourself at every turn of the reader's needs in understanding your idea.

Essay maps ask you to predict where your reader will expect background information, counterargument, close analysis of a primary source, or a turn to secondary source material. Essay maps are not concerned with paragraphs so much as with sections of an essay. They anticipate the major argumentative moves you expect your essay to make. Try making your map like this:

  • State your thesis in a sentence or two, then write another sentence saying why it's important to make that claim. Indicate, in other words, what a reader might learn by exploring the claim with you. Here you're anticipating your answer to the "why" question that you'll eventually flesh out in your conclusion.
  • Begin your next sentence like this: "To be convinced by my claim, the first thing a reader needs to know is . . ." Then say why that's the first thing a reader needs to know, and name one or two items of evidence you think will make the case. This will start you off on answering the "what" question. (Alternately, you may find that the first thing your reader needs to know is some background information.)
  • Begin each of the following sentences like this: "The next thing my reader needs to know is . . ."  Once again, say why, and name some evidence. Continue until you've mapped out your essay. 

Your map should naturally take you through some preliminary answers to the basic questions of what, how, and why. It is not a contract, though—the order in which the ideas appear is not a rigid one. Essay maps are flexible; they evolve with your ideas.

Signs of Trouble

A common structural flaw in college essays is the "walk-through" (also labeled "summary" or "description"). Walk-through essays follow the structure of their sources rather than establishing their own. Such essays generally have a descriptive thesis rather than an argumentative one. Be wary of paragraph openers that lead off with "time" words ("first," "next," "after," "then") or "listing" words ("also," "another," "in addition"). Although they don't always signal trouble, these paragraph openers often indicate that an essay's thesis and structure need work: they suggest that the essay simply reproduces the chronology of the source text (in the case of time words: first this happens, then that, and afterwards another thing . . . ) or simply lists example after example ("In addition, the use of color indicates another way that the painting differentiates between good and evil").

Copyright 2000, Elizabeth Abrams, for the Writing Center at Harvard University

0 thoughts on “Discursive Essay Format Singapore Map

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *